Republic of Kosovo is located in the heart of South
East Europe. Kosovo is situated betweeen the 42°
and 44° parallels of northern hemisphere and
between the 20° and 22° meridians. Positioned
in the centre of the Balkan Peninsula, it presents
an important junction of the Median and Southern
Europe, and the Adriatic and Black Sea.
Kosovo's area is 10,908 km2 and is populated by
over 2 million people.
The main axis of the junction of northern and southern
Balkan regions is comprised of the Ibër,
Sitnica and Lepenc river valleys.
This axis divides several roundabout valleys:
- near Mitrovica along the Ibër river passes
the Adriatic highway which connects the Montenegrin
coast, near Besiana (Podujeva) town;
- the Llapi and Toplica roads connect Kosovo with
the Serbian city of Nish and with the interior part
of Balkan Peninsula;
- nearby is the city of Prishtina and the Drenica
valley which connects Drini i Bardhë (White
Drini) with the shortest way way to
the Albanian coast. In the city of Ferizaj , the
Morava e Binçës pathway is divided,
which is then connected to the main
river axes of the Morava and Vardar Rivers.